vector illustration Set four seasons symbol Weather


  • Heat loss : If you notice snow melting on your roof but not on that of your neighbors, and if there is frost (maybe even rusted nails) in the attic, there could be heat loss or poor ventilation of the attic space. Consult a specialist.
  • Snow & icicles: Remove the snow or ice from the roof to avoid accumulation which could cause excessive weight or water infiltration. Watch for the icicles on roof edges. If necessary, have it removed by an expert who can help you find the cause of the problem.
  • Energy conservation: Raise the snow level around the foundation to reduce heat loss from those zones – a practical and economical way to save energy.  Ensure the stove hood, clothes dryer and bathroom vent air exhaust flaps are not obstructed and close properly.
  • Humidifier: Clean it out 203 times per season.

  • Garage door: Heat and cold act on metal. Has your garage door been affected by the indoor-outdoor temperature variation? Ensure it is adjusted properly and lubricate it, if necessary.
  • Electrical breakers & outlets: Check that the breakers function properly by switching each of them on and off. If you feel any resistance, don’t force it, the connection could be defective or rusted. Check electric cables, plugs and outlets of all devices to prevent fire: if these items are damaged or if the plugs or cables are hot, they need replacing. – Always consult an electrician.
  • Central vacuum: Inspect and clean out the filters, empty the bag or receptacle.
  • Grout & caulking: Examine all your tiled surfaces (bathrooms, kitchen, and others). If necessary, remove and replace any damaged grout or caulking to prevent water infiltration and mold formation behind the tiling.

  • Pruning: Night temperatures no longer reach the freezing point? It’s time to prune your fruit trees while they are still dormant.
  • Firewood: You have used more than two cords so far? Check the chimney ducts for creosote and check that the flue is working properly.
  • Snow-blower: You will soon be storing your snow-blower for several months. Make sure to give it a good tune-up before storage.
  • Sump-pump:  Check that your sump-pump and discharge pipe function properly so that it can expel the water away from the foundation.
  • Carpets:  Take advantage of the mid-season to get your rugs and carpets cleaned.
  • Smoke detectors: Make sure your smoke and carbon monoxide detectors as well as security alarms work well. REPLACE THE BATTERIES!
  • Humidity:  Ensure that the indoor humidity level is between 30% and 55%. If it’s under or above that level, open windows for a good airing session.

vector illustration Set four seasons symbol Weather


  • Roof : Check how your roof survived the winter. Take a look at the shingles, flashings, chimney, gravel and drain. You are thinking getting your roof done? Start shopping early and reserve your roofer right away.
  • Gutters & ditches: Clean the gutters and take the opportunity to check the fasteners and rain down pipe extensions and replace them if necessary. Remove any debris accumulated in the ditches or culverts.
  • Foundation: Carefully examine the exterior and basement. If any vertical or stair-step cracks or efflorescence appeared on the foundation walls or the parging, the cracks may need repair to avoid future problems.
  • Air vents: Clean, adjust and replace, if necessary, the clothes dryer, stove hood, bathroom air extractor and air exchanger vent flaps.
  • Car shelter:  Clean, repair and disassemble your seasonal car shelter.
  • Plants: After the first warm days, remove your plants protective covering. Remove any dead branches and rake your lawn.
  • Air conditioning:  Don’t wait for a heat wave to think of it.  Clean and check that your unit is in good working order, clean and change the filter. Maybe it’s time to start looking for a new unit.
  • Windows & mosquito screens: Wash the windows and screens, repair any holes or replace the screens if needed, check that the hinges and handles work well and lubricate if necessary.  If adjustments are required, do it immediately.
  • Septic system: Have your tank’s sludge level measured to determine whether a clean out is imminent or not.

  • Exterior siding : Have a good look around – plan the required repairs. Repaint any damaged exterior wood surfaces. Ensure that no little creatures or insects can creep in behind. You notice efflorescence on the brick walls, typically under the windows? Contact a mason to check that your sills have proper drip-edges.
  • Walkways & driveways : Re-level exterior steps or terraces that may have shifted during the soil’s freeze and thaw. Examine paved or cobbled surfaces. If needed, weed, re-level and re-seal these surfaces to prevent tripping hazzards and seal any cracks with a tar-based filler to extend its lifespan.
  • Fences: After thaw, inspect your fences’ state and proceed to repairs or replacement of damaged posts, planks, trellis or locks.
  • Stairs & railings: Check the solidity of all stairs and railings by ensuring they are level and well anchored to the ground.
  • Lawn-mower & gardening tools:  Check that they are in proper working order and make necessary adjustments.
  • Lawn furniture: Inspect and clean.
  • Exterior faucet: As you turn the exterior faucet back on, take a few minutes to give the interior plumbing a look in case of any leaks. Repairing damages could be more costly…
  • Shed: Examine the shed’s interior to ensure that no critters or insects have made their nests in there or that any leaks have sprung.
  • Vegetable patch: Weed and plow the garden , ready for seeding.
  • Sand box:  Clean and disinfect the spot where your kids will build their castles.
  • Heating oil: Check the tanks gauge and get it filled for the Fall.
  •  Dehumidifier: Clean and start up the dehumidifier (if needed).
  • Well: Have the water analyzed and repeat every six months.

  • Backfill : Check if the soil has sunk around the building’s foundation and plan to add soil or gravel to ensure a positive slope to divert water approximately 2 meters away.
  • Interior/exterior garage doors: Check the automatic opening and security mechanisms, lubricate the motor and chain. If there is a door from the house to the garage, check the closing device to ensure the door closes completely.
  • Security: Perform a preventive inspection tour to prevent burglaries during summer vacations: sufficient exterior lighting, adequate visibility around the house, locks and bolts in good order, ladders and garden tools locked away, etc.
  • Block the heat out: Close the curtains and blinds of South-West windows during hours of sunshine to keep the heat out, reduce your cooling costs and protect your belongings and floors from UV rays.

vector illustration Set four seasons symbol Weather


  • Plants and shrubs : Cut back vines or branches that come in contact with the exterior siding or that hinder the house’s air intakes or outlets.
  • Soil / flowerbeds: Check the soil’s acidity (pH) level. A balanced soil helps plants assimilate nutrients and minerals better and is less inviting to ravaging insects.
  • Drains: Lift your driveway’s and garage drain pit cover to ensure it is not obstructed.  If you notice a foul odor, add water to submerge the pit’s horizontal evacuation pipe.
  • Airing / humidity:  Air out the basement on warm dry days and ensure that humidity levels do not exceed 60% or rectify the situation with a dehumidifier.  If you note excessive humidity levels for an extended period, consider having your weeping drain inspected: too much water rising against foundation walls can contribute to elevated basement humidity levels. On humid days, inspect the basement’s or crawl space’s cold water pipes for any condensation. Insulate sweating pipes.
  • Flush out the hot water tank: After consulting your maintenance manual, place a bin under the drain faucet or connect a hose to it and let the water run until the bin has filled or the tank has emptied out. This will reduce the accumulation of sediments in the water heater and preserve its efficiency.

  • Septic tank: Proceed to the tank’s clean-out to promote a solid recovery of the bacterial activity before the return of the cold season.
  • Patio: Summer activities have left traces on your patio?  A good cleaning may be called for to keep it in good shape.  Opt for ecological products.
  • Weather-stripping: Examine the doors’ and windows’ weather-stripping. Splitting or drying seals around window glass, frames or at junctions of the exterior sidings are conducive to water infiltration and subsequent damages.
  • Conduits / grids: Disconnect the clothes dryer’s duct and, using a vacuum cleaner, rid it of any accumulated lint which could cause a fire.  Do the same with the exterior air vent. Vacuum the grills of your bathroom fans.
  • Carpets / rugs: By tempered and dry days, think about getting your rugs and carpets shampooed.

  • Snow-removal : Shop for and choose a snow-removal company for the coming winter.
  • Firewood: Put your order in early to take advantage of the best prices. Store it outdoors, away from the foundation and walls and cover it with a tarp.
  • Chimney sweep: Think about getting the chimney of your heating devices swept (furnace, fireplace, combustion stove, etc.) to clean out the creosote deposits and to ensure there are no birds’ nests or other critters that could obstruct its airflow.
  • Heating oil: If you haven’t done so in the Spring, have your tank filled up.  Take the opportunity to renegotiate your provisioning contract with your supplier.
  • Heating & ventilation system:  Check its proper functioning, change the hot air, air purification or air exchanger filters. An oil system must be cleaned out yearly and gas ones every second year. If your home is heated with hot water, purge it of air and lubricate the furnace’s water circulation pump. When in doubt, consult an expert.
  • Electric baseboards / heating grills: Dust and vacuum.
  • Mosquito screens: Remove, clean and store your screens door the winter which increases your windows’ efficiency by preventing condensation on the glass panes.
  • Air conditioning: Clean and store your temporary cooling device. If you have central air conditioning, make sure the water recuperation bin placed underneath cooling coil empties out without impediment.

vector illustration Set four seasons symbol Weather


  • Roof  Have a look at your roof’s covering checking for missing shingles. Make sure that air vents and chimney surrounds are well sealed or caulked.
  •  Gutters & roof drains: Remove leaves and needles that may have fallen into the gutters and downspouts. Take the opportunity to check fasteners and downspout extension, replace them if necessary.
  • Exterior faucet & hose: After disconnecting the watering hose and closed off the interior water valve, flush the exterior pipe to avoid bursting pipes from freezing water. Once flushed, store your hose in a warm location.
  • Pompe de puisard: Check that the pump is functionning properly and that the discharge pipe evacuates the water away from the foundation.
  • Outdoor furniture: Clean and store.
  • Smoke detectors: Test all smoke and carbon monoxide detectors.
  • Central vacuum: Inspect and clean the filters, clean out the bag or receptacle.

  • Landscaping : Protect your landscaping against winter with winter protection accessories and snow fences.
  • Well. Have your water tested and repeat operation every 6 months.
  • Fire safety: Check your fire extinguisher gages and replace or recharge them, if needed. Review your family’s evacuation plan.
  • Energy savings: To avoid uselessly heating the house or to control temperature variations, think about changing your thermostats for programmable ones.
  • Humidifier & Dehumidifier: Proceed to the closing and cleaning of the dehumidifier. Inspect and start up the humidifier(s) for the cold season.
  • Refrigerator: Defrost and clean the appliance, vacuum the radiator grid.
  • Grout & caulking: Examine all your tiled surfaces (bathrooms, kitchen, and others). If necessary, remove and replace any damaged grout or caulking to prevent water infiltration and mold formation behind the tiling.

  • Snow falls: Clear all exits (doors, windows and balconies) in the 24 hours following a snow fall to prevent accumulation or freezing over in case of emergency.
  •  Anti-skid: Stock up on sand or fine gravel and de-icing salts to spread on snow or ice.
  • Humidity: Itchy nose and eyes, static discharges cause by static electricity? The house is probably too dry. Make sure humidity levels are between 30% and 55%. If you do not have an air exchanger and that humidity is above or below these levels, open two windows per day for a few minutes: a well aired out house will be less humid and easier to heat.
  • Water-heater:  Check the tank’s security valve.
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Annik Joly

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